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Past Regional Work

Overview of Merritt

Merritt, in the Nicola Valley. Photo: Natalia Sukprasert

Here are examples of past projects in the Thompson Region.

On This Page

Nicola Basin Collaborative

The Fraser Basin Council for many years brought together a number of agencies and private land owners to identify, discuss and address issues in the Nicola watershed — and to advance research projects.

Reports, Resources and Meeting Materials

To download reports, meeting materials and resources developed in the Nicola Basin Collaborative initiative, visit the Nicola Basin Collaborative Archive.

Data Files

For data files from the 2021 Coldwater River Inventory and Mapping (RIM) project, visit Data Files SHIM and AHI Archive.

Nicola Water Use Management Tool

You can access the Nicola Water Use Management Tool online. The tool is managed by the Scw'exmx Tribal Council (Nicola Tribal Council). If you don’t have an account, click “request account” in the bottom right of the page.

Province of BC Ecological Catalogue Database (EcoCat)

For other related materials, check the BC Ecological Catalogue database (EcoCat)

Note: Search (for example) by "Nicola" or Coldwater" and scan search results, which appear in alphabetical order.


Thompson Steelhead Working Group

The Thompson Steelhead Working Group was a multi-governmental collaborative initiative formed in 2014 to bring together representatives of the Nlaka’pamux and Secwepemc First Nations, the Province of BC and the Government of Canada (Fisheries and Oceans Canada) to develop a recovery and management plan for Thompson Steelhead. The Thompson Steelhead Working Group focused on developing a planning framework to address recovery.

The Fraser Basin Council served as secretariat for the group for several years.

The Working group hosted a Steelhead Assembly in 2016 (see Thompson Steelhead Assembly and developed a draft Thompson Steelhead Recovery and Management Plan for comment and discussion.

The future of Thompson Steelhead was serious, however, and returns continued to decline.

By February 2018  the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) concluded that two populations of sea‐going Steelhead Trout breeding in BC's Thompson and Chilcotin river systems (Oncorhynchus mykiss, TRS and CRS respectively) were at imminent risk of extinction. Both populations were assessed as Endangered, and COSEWIC recommended an emergency listing order to protect the species under the federal Species at Risk Act. Only 177 fish returned from the sea to the Thompson River in late fall 2017 and 58 returned to the Chilcotin River. COSEWIC confirmed its assessment in 2020.

The main threats included declining habitat quality and ocean survival from such factors as interception by fisheries. The returning numbers of spawners were then very low and future population declines were expected. The species, however, was not listed under the federal Species at Risk Act.

For a current initiative underway to support salmon habitat in the region, see Thompson-Shuswap Salmon Collaborative.


Communications Agreement: Shuswap Local and Secwepemc Governments

In 2018 seven local governments and three Secwepemc governments agreed to a long-term, cooperative government-to-government relationship and to foster open communication across the Shuswap watershed portion of Secwepemc'ulecw.

The Fraser Basin Council was pleased to have supported the process leading to the agreement.

The Shuswap Local and Secwepemc Governments Communications Agreement had four goals, which are to:

  1. integrate local government and Secwepemc communities on areas of mutual interest through regular communication and working together on joint initiatives
  2. provide a collective voice to the governments of BC and Canada on common issues
  3. raise awareness of Secwepemc'ulecw and Secwepemc traditions, and
  4. deliver joint education opportunities for elected officials, staff and residents, members and constituents.

The governments agreed to meet in both formal and informal settings and to work together on initiatives of joint benefit to local and Secwepemc governments. The agreement complemented existing protocols and provided a foundation for future agreements.

Signatories were Cst’elnec (Adams Lake Indian Band), Sk’atsin (Neskonlith Indian Band), Splatsin, Columbia Shuswap Regional District, Regional District of North Okanagan, Village of Chase, City of Salmon Arm, City of Enderby, Village of Lumby and District of Sicamous.


Strategic Review of Fisheries Resources for the South Thompson–Shuswap Habitat Management Area (2016 Update)

In March 2016 the Fraser Basin Council completed an update of the Strategic Review of Fisheries Resources for the South Thompson–Shuswap Habitat Management Area, a 1997 publication of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO).

The Strategic Review summarized fisheries resource information related to:

  • four anadromous species of Pacific salmon: Chinook, Sockeye, Coho and Pink
  • major land and water uses influencing fisheries production within the habitat management area, and
  • watershed management issues and recommendations for all the sub-drainage areas.

Resource managers in all orders of government, as well as stewardship and conservation organizations, have used the Strategic Review to inform decision-making and help prioritize their work. It is hoped the updated version will continue to prove a valuable resource.

South Thompson/Thompson River – Sensitive Habitat Inventory Mapping & Aquatic Habitat Index

In 2015 he Fraser Basin Council contracted Ecoscape Environmental Consultants Ltd. to complete a comprehensive inventory of the South Thompson/Thompson River from Little Shuswap Lake (Chase) downstream to Kamloops Lake and to subsequently complete an aquatic habitat index.

The project report (version 1) was completed in 2016 as a living document that can be continually updated: South Thompson River Inventory, Mapping, and Aquatic Habitat Index.

FBC managed this project on behalf of the Thompson-Nicola Regional District (TNRD), City of Kamloops, Adams Lake Indian Band and Tk’emlups te Secwepemc. The project was funded by the TNRD and the Government of Canada through the National Conservation Plan.


Nicola Watershed Planning Process

In July 2015 a multi-interest Nicola Lake Steering Committee, which was overseeing implementation of an Nicola Lake Action Plan, decided that it should expand its terms of reference to address issues affecting the whole of the Nicola watershed. The Nicola Steering Committee oversaw several projects in 2015-2016 to benefit the watershed — in particular, development of a Nicola Water Management Tool (NWMT)

The NWMT was intended to allow operators at the Nicola Lake Dam to consider a wider range of biophysical, ecological and socio-economic factors helpful for dam operations, including the in-lake and downstream consequences of water releases in terms of predicted flows at key index locations. An interim tool was operational was July, 2016 to help with drought management.


BC Interior Stewardship Workshops and Award for Ecosystem Excellence

The Fraser Basin Council and Fisheries and Oceans Canada hosted very popular annual BC Interior Stewardship Workshops between 2005 and 2015. These brought together government employees, watershed stewards, agricultural and other industry representatives from across the region to learn, network and get out in the field to advance their understanding of ecosystem monitoring, conservation and restoration.

A highlight was annual presentation of the Fraser Basin Council’s BC Interior Stewardship Award for Ecosystem Excellence.

Our congratulations to the Award recipients through the years!

2015 — Adams River Salmon Society

2014 — Neil Brookes

2013 — Wayne Salewski

2012 — Harold Ridgway

2011 — Tracy Bond

2010 — Mike Wallis (Individual Award)

2010 — Cayoose Creek First Nation/ St’at’imc (Organization Award)

2009 — Tom Minor

2008 — Dora McMillan

2007 — Jamie Felhauer


Gardom Lake Management Plan

The Columbia Shuswap Regional District (CSRD) supported the development of a management plan for Gardom Lake for the benefit of area residents and visitors. The CSRD retained the Fraser Basin Council to coordinate and facilitate a collaborative planning process and to develop a plan. The planning process, including a public open house, was completed in May 2015.

These were some of the issues of concern:

  • Water Quality (e.g., sediment, nutrient levels, pollution, septic systems, sanitation practices)
  • Water Quantity (e.g., water withdrawals, lake levels)
  • Fish & Wildlife (e.g., bird habitat, fish habitat, stocking and populations, fishing regulations, species at risk)
  • Native/non-native terrestrial and aquatic plant species
  • Recreation (e.g., noise impacts from boats, firearms and fireworks)
  • Foreshore changes by residents and visitors (e.g., modifications, wood removal)
  • Lake access (e.g, parking, infrastructure, congestion)
  • Facilities (e.g., washrooms, garbage, maintenance)
  • Enforcement of laws or bylaws.

Following a review by the CSRD, the plan was finalized: Gardom Lake Management Plan (Final). The plan included a vision, goals, short and long-term objectives, and measurable actions for the management of Gardom Lake. It was advisory to the CSRD and to other agencies that may have regulatory or other responsibilities for the lake.


Community Mapping

If a picture is worth 1,000 words, a map is that many times over! For decision-makers, interactive online maps are a particularly rich resource. They offer a visual interpretation of multiple layers of data and can be customized and reworked on the fly.

The Fraser Basin Council has worked with partners in the Thompson region, including the Community Mapping Network (CMN), to make new maps publicly available. These have included:


Agricultural Irrigation

The Watershed Evaluation of Beneficial Management Practices (WEBs) was a Canada-wide program to measure the economic and water quality impacts of specific agricultural beneficial management practices at nine watershed sites  — including the Salmon River watershed in BC’s Shuswap region. The Fraser Basin Council was part of a WEBs project on the Salmon River that was aimed at helping producers increase efficiency in irrigation.

Work in the Salmon River watershed began in 2004. Federal agriculture statistics then showed more than 300 farms in the area — primarily beef and sheep ranching, dairy farming, and forage production. The region was dry during the growing season, and water from the Salmon River is used to produce forage for winter feeding. The initial focus of the program (2004-2008) was on improving water quality and riparian health through cattle exclusion fencing and off-stream watering. The Agriculture and Agri-Foods Canada prepared reports on the projects.

A subsequent initiative focused on irrigation efficiency, including through expansion of the network of local climate stations in the region, and helping agricultural producers use evapotranspiration and other data to plan irrigation schedules. This project ran 2010-2013 through a partnership of Agriculture and Agri-Foods Canada, BC Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Natural Resource Operations, ARDCORP (Environmental Farm Plan) and Salmon River Watershed Roundtable. FBC provided secretariat, education and outreach support for portions of the project.

In 2010-2011 FBC staff of the Thompson region also helped promote irrigation beneficial management practices among agricultural producers and other interested members of the community.


Shuswap Lake Integrated Planning Process (SLIPP)

The Shuswap Lake Integrated Planning Process (SLIPP) was launched as a three-year pilot project in 2008, with the collaboration and participation of 13 partners representing the four orders of government (Federal, Provincial, Local and First Nations), multiple public agencies and community groups. The pilot transitioned to a three-year program (2011-2014) focused on responding to pressure on the lakes from increased development, wastewater discharge and conflicting demands on recreational resources. These challenges were set against a complicated regulatory environment where public agencies from every level of government have legal jurisdiction over some aspect of these water bodies and surrounding area.

There was interest among the SLIPP partners to bring land and water use planning and governance issues affecting the Shuswap watershed to a single table. The aim was to have the agencies share information, identify cross-cutting issues, and look for new opportunities to collaborate.

The SLIPP pilot project demonstrated the value of collaboration among the agencies responsible for water, land, wildlife, and public health and safety in the Shuswap, and working with other key interests. The approach has helped break down silos, improve inter-agency communication and undertake work that would otherwise be beyond the capacity of any one body. This is a particularly valuable approach for research, monitoring, education and community volunteerism to support the health of the watershed.

SLIPP Resources

Key SLIPP resources can be accessed in a SLIPP archive.

About the Fraser Basin Council

The Fraser Basin Council (FBC) is a charitable non-profit organization that brings people together to advance sustainability in British Columbia.

Where We Work

We are grateful to live and work on the unceded ancestral territories of the Indigenous Nations of British Columbia.

Our Vision

Social well-being supported by a vibrant economy and sustained by a healthy environment.

Strategic Priorities

At the Fraser Basin Council, our strategic priorities are to take action on climate change, support healthy watersheds and water resources, and build sustainable and resilient communities.

With our partners, we work on a range of collaborative, multi-sector initiatives, such as those focused on flood management, community wildfire planning, air quality improvement, energy-efficient buildings, green transportation (including the uptake of electric vehicles and expansion of charging infrastructure), watershed planning and youth-driven climate action projects.

FBC Program Sites

Plug in BC:


ReTooling for Climate Change:

FBC Youth:

Climate Action Toolkit: 

Salmon-Safe BC

Realizing UNDRIP Initiative

Contact Us

FBC staff work from our Vancouver, Kamloops, Williams Lake and Prince George offices, and from several other locations.

To reach us, see FBC Offices and FBC Staff or contact our administration office:

Fraser Basin Council
1st Floor, 470 Granville Street
Vancouver, BC V6C 1V5

T: 604 488-5350